home . about azerbaijan . Country Overview . Climate


The climate varies from subtropical and dry in central and eastern Azerbaijan to subtropical and humid in the southeast (Lenkoran Lowlands), moderate along the shores of the Caspian Sea, and cold at the higher mountain elevations. In Baku, the climate is cool in the winter, averaging 4 degrees C (39F) in January. Summers are hot, up to 40 degrees C (104F), and humid because of the sea. There are often strong winds, especially during winter. (Baku's name, in fact, means "City of Wind"). Snow rarely settles in the city. Spring and autumn are pleasant and there is a great deal of sunshine from April to October.

Because most of Azerbaijan receives scant rainfall—on average between 6-10 inches annually - agricultural areas require irrigation. The heaviest precipitation occurs in the highest elevations of the Caucasus and in the Lenkoran Lowlands in the southeast, where the yearly average reaches 40 inches.

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